Unconscious Bias is the human tendency to develop unintentional perspectives about others on the basis of past attitudes or experiences, instincts, and stereotypes. A higher rate of unconscious bias may badly affect the organization in the longer run.
For example, when a manager unknowingly supports the ideas of employees with higher educational backgrounds or those who are more expressive about their thoughts. Due to this, other employees not from a similar background or who are introverts feel like a victim of bias.
Unconscious bias can be divided into the following types.
It is an inclination of an individual toward others having similarities such as class, education, background, appearance, thoughts, motives, etc.
It is the perception of an individual regarding how other people appear physically. This involves height bias, weight bias, gender bias, and beauty bias.
Assuming someone’s achievements as their good fortune or their failure as disqualification is attribution bias. This is seen mainly during evaluations or appraisals.
The bias happens when an individual refuses to accept contradicting decisions/statements. This harms a person’s decision-making.
This bias happens when an individual is forced to believe the decisions of others in a team. Due to this, they start questioning their own thoughts.
This occurs when an individual’s accomplishments outweigh their failures.
This occurs when an individual’s negatives outweigh their achievement. It is the inverse of the Halo effect.
This type is more common in the recruitment process. It is comparing a person’s resume with others who are highly experienced rather than considering qualifications and skills.
It is giving more attention to unimportant or superficial details rather than facts and proofs.
This is when an individual develops links between totally separate concepts or objects and then uses them to make assumptions.
Deciding something based on emotions and not factual information is regarded as intuition bias.
Unconscious bias or implicit bias is a perspective of people that they are oblivious of and is not within their conscious power. On the contrary, explicit bias is an intentional opinion developed by people for other situations, things, or individuals.
Implicit bias happens without an individual’s own knowledge or personal grudge. However, it has a negative impact on the workplace. An employer can follow the following strategies to overcome such partial behavior.
The effect of unconscious bias is very harmful to organizations. Here are the major consequences.