HR Glossary  >   Loss of Pay

Loss of Pay | Leave Without Pay


What is Loss of Pay?

LOP stands for “Loss of Pay.” It is defined as the deduction in salary due to leave taken by an employee when he/ she does not have adequate leave balance in the account. The loss of pay is calculated based on the per-day salary of an employee. If an employer plans to grant leave and compensate for that specific workday on the weekend on a strike day, and an employee does not show up both days, the employee will be given a loss of pay. Also, if a person works on a weekend to finish his or her task owing to inefficiency or lack of supervision, that day is considered LOP.

Legal Aspects of Loss of Pay

The legality of loss of pay depends on the employment laws and company policies in place. In most States, employers have the right to deduct pay for unauthorized absences or for leaves without pay. Nonetheless, it's crucial to emphasize that there exist legal statutes aimed at safeguarding the rights of employees.

These regulations can include restrictions on the frequency or total accumulation of Loss of Pay (LOP) occurrences. Furthermore, they often mandate that companies provide a minimum number of paid leave days. These legal provisions are implemented to guarantee equitable treatment of employees and to ensure they have access to essential periods of leave.

Causes of Loss of Pay

There are different reasons that contribute to loss of pay

  • Illness or Injury: If a worker is absent from work due to an illness, maternity leave, accident, or unfortunate event.
  • Unauthorised Absent: If an employee takes leave without giving notice, they risk losing their job. Unauthorized absences cause long-term leave issues and lower employee morale in addition to resulting in loss of pay.
  • Other Reasons: Workers may take time off for a variety of reasons. This might involve dealing with family matters, visiting the doctor, going to the bank, or encountering an emergency. These circumstances may increase an employee's LOP, which significantly lowers their monthly compensation.

How to avoid LOP in salary slip?

LOP will have a direct impact on the salary you receive every month. In order to prevent loss of pay in your salary, follow given instructions.

  • Communicate your leave in advance: Employees should inform management in advance of their leave so that, replacement can be scheduled for a portion of the missed time if required.
  • Compensate your lost timely: If you have taken LOP in an emergency, you can work extra hours on weekend to avoid loss of salary at the end of month. This reduces employees’ tension.
  • Track your leave at regular intervals: You can work extra on the weekends if you took LOP in an emergency to prevent being paid less at the end of the month. Employee can get relief from tension.
  • Avoid Unnecessary Leaves: Avoid taking unnecessary leaves as it directly impact your salary. Take leave when its necessary.


1. Can employers grant compensatory leave to avoid LOP?

Yes, some employers may offer compensatory leave for work done on weekends or holidays to offset LOP.

2. Can loss of pay be avoided entirely?

Loss of pay may be unavoidable in certain situations, such as emergencies or extended leaves beyond the available paid leave allowances. However, proactive planning, effective communication, and flexible work arrangements can help minimize its occurrence.

3. What happens if an employee takes leave without prior approval?

Taking unauthorized leave may result in LOP or disciplinary action, depending on the company's policies.

4. Can employers offer partial pay during leave without pay periods?

Employers have the option to offer partial pay during leave without pay periods as a means to support employees financially. This can be done through negotiations, flexible arrangements, or specific policies addressing partial payment during certain circumstances.

5. How should employers communicate the process and policies related to leave without pay?

Employers should clearly communicate their leave policies, including provisions for leave without pay, in employee handbooks, contracts, or through internal communication channels. It is important to provide information about the process, requirements, and any restrictions or limitations.

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