Full-time vs. Part-time Employment – Understand Employees’ Job Status

full-time vs part-time employment job status

It is noticed that many employees feel stressed out from the imbalance caused in the work-life matter. It has a negative effect on their mental health, leading to the development of anxiety. To bring the employees out from this, employers must provide them a flexible working environment. Understanding the need for full-time vs. part-time employment and including the same in your company can be one possible solution to this, providing the employees with distributive job types.

According to employees’ needs, if they can receive the applicability of flexible job types, they can turn out to be more productive without stressing out. According to the reports, every 9 out of 10 employees feel a flexible environment is essential as it offers a better work-life balance (60%) and increases productivity (34%). (source)

Moreover, increasing employee satisfaction increases their consistency in work and gives a more precise and profitable output. Read along to know the importance of full-time and part-time jobs and their benefits.

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What is Full-time Employment?

Full-time employment is the job type where the employees are assigned with a total of 48-50 hours in a week to perform work, and it is purely based on the company you are working with.

A full-time job is a type where employees can avail all the benefits but with limitations to the flexible hours. The employee needs to be available at the time of the company’s requirements and fulfill all the responsibilities. Compared to the part-time job, employees need to be more responsible for their work.

According to the HR functions, the benefits, bonuses, rewards, and salaries will be provided to full-time employees.

What is Part-time Employment?

As it suggests, part-time employment is a job type where the working hours are lesser than the corresponding full-time employment. A part-time employee is generally assigned 30 hours of work in a week. But there is no rule for the total working hours employees need to complete. If a company hires someone on a freelance basis, such as a 1099 employee, there is even more flexibility. For example, if you hire college students online, you can hire them freelance, which is different from part-time and different rules apply.

For instance, one employer can assign a total of 35 hours of work, while others may assign 30 hours to confirm attendance punctuality.

Opposite to the categories of a full-time job, a part-time offers employees flexible working hours as per their choice and lesser responsibility but limited benefits. For example, employees may or may not receive the benefits of paid time off. However, to avoid any legal issues, employers provide a limited balance of the paid time off.

The salary structure of the employees will also be according to the pro-rata basis.

Why do we need Part-time and Full-time Employment in the Workplace?

It is indeed true that both part-time and full-time employment brings their own essence to the workplace. People have different votes for part-time vs. full-time work, and we’ll see how.

Many people think of full-time employment as a permanent one and choose it willingly despite having work-life balance issues. While this is not the case, a part-time job can be permanent and temporary. It’s just the difference in working hours and benefits that matters.

To bring more consistency and productivity into work, employers mostly prefer full-time employment. Despite employee loyalty, the employees also receive full-time benefits and rewards as compared to a part-time job.

It is noticed that more than half of the population (60%) is adult and faces work-life balance issues, says the Understanding work-life balance survey by Monster.com. (source)

People sometimes switch their job status just to maintain a supportive balance between their work and family. Work-life balance is also vital to avoid burnout due to the excessive amount of work. Students also consider part-time employment to support their studies.

Though people create diversions in full-time vs. part-time employment, both have their own benefits and drawbacks that are included further.

Working Hour Laws for Part-time and Full-time Employment?

Every company has a policy toolkit that helps them to stay compliant with the employees. And the policies differ when bifurcating full-time vs. part-time employment laws.

If the company supports the idea of both part-time and full-time employment, the employer must polish up the working hours’ laws to ensure employee satisfaction. He has to pay attention to the rules and pay them accordingly to avoid wage violations.

The working hours’ laws establish the policies of 40-50 hours of work per week for full-time and nearly 30 hours for a part-time job. The company can change this according to its wish but must ensure that it remains within the limit specified by the law.

With working hours, the employers also need to go for overtime calculations. Overtime depends on the exemption of the employees.

If your employee is exempt, though having full responsibilities and paid on a salary basis, it is not mandatory to offer the overtime benefits. On the contrary, if your employee is non-exempted, though with lower levels of responsibility and works around 35 hours a week, you are mandated to pay the overtime they receive.

What are the Tax Liabilities of Part-time and Full-time Employment?

Not only working hours, but full-time vs. part-time employment include tax diversion also. Though both job statuses differ from the aspect of benefits and salary, the tax evasion does not change.

Whether it is income tax, social or medical security tax, the employer is responsible for withholding the actual amount of taxes as calculated during the salary processing and submitting the same to the funds. Also, ensure not to be caught in the web of wage violations by paying the actual employer’s contributions.

Ensure to review the state and central laws and deduct the taxes as stated if you are supposed to pay the unemployment taxes and compensation benefits, better to include them in the math.

Both full-time and part-time jobs have different characteristics related to responsibility, working hours, and salary benefits. Thus, they have distinct advantages and disadvantages over each other, which helps employees bifurcate them according to their requirement, which is included in the further topic.

Advantages and Disadvantages of Part-time Employment

According to the common belief, part-time employment is considered to be less beneficial as compared to full-time, but this is not 100% true. Look at the advantages of the same to find out.

The Prominent Advantages of Part-time Employment are:

  • Professionals in a hurry to finish the task give a reasonable amount of time and are left exhausted at home. Sometimes due to the greed of overtime, employees are requested to stay even after the fulfillment of working hours. It gives rise to severe work-life balance issues.

  • Many students who like to compensate for the money for the studies rather than take from their parents do more part-time employment. Later, they can stick to a full-time job for their chosen field. Apart from career building, people can learn time management skills for a better productive output.

  • Like job sharing(Link job sharing article to the word ‘job sharing’), part-time employment helps offer the more flexible benefit of time management while ensuing less burnout due to full-time jobs.

  • Though employers receive less loyalty and responsibility in work, their payroll cost can be tracked down due to pro-rate based salary calculation of employees.

The Disadvantages of Part-time Jobs are:

  • The employers can experience commitment issues as the employees are connected with the job only for half of the time.

  • The employee’s knowledge depth will be less as required for the job, thus resulting in less consistency in work.

  • As the employees work part-time, they receive only a limited amount of benefits compared to full-time employment.

Advantages and Disadvantages of Full-time Employment

Full-time employment requires a higher level of trust, loyalty, and responsibility in employees, though it embraces many advantages that are included here.

The Prominent Advantages of Performing Full-time are:

  • The employees can receive full applicability of benefits like rewards, salary, leaves, and travel management.

  • The employer can receive a high sense of loyalty and responsibility for work from their employees. It helps in building a trustworthy and productive environment in the company.

  • The employer can quickly and effectively divide the workloads and projects between employees resulting in high profitability.

The Possible Disadvantages of a Full-time Job are:

  • With more significant amounts of working hours and workload, employees feel a distracting lifestyle, which can cause mental stress.

  • Due to mental stress, the work-life balance of employees is at a more significant cost.

  • Hiring full-time employees can bring rise to the payroll costs on the company, eventually giving rise to salary mistakes.

  • Employers need a reasonable amount of time to manage the activities of full-time employees.

Conclusion

As we learned that both part-time and full-time jobs have their own pros and cons, the company must offer both types to their employees to improve loyalty and trust with employees.

No one likes a bossy boss who always thinks of the company benefits and leaves their employees demotivated. Though the employer’s functions will increase, they can give their employees flexibility and increase their satisfaction. It also ensures more attentiveness in work due to increased comfortability, eventually retaining them for a longer time.

Shubham Joshi

Shubham Joshi is an experienced content marketer. Passionate about training and development programs, he is always ready to help colleagues and customers by representing concrete ideas and methodology. Beyond work, he is well-equipped with problem-solving abilities.

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