HR Audit

Is the HR common practice or standard of conduct in your company evaluated from time to time? If your Human Resources got weaker, then it could be a source of various troubles for your company. A company, through its unconscious acts, may become handicapped in observing these factors, which colloquially lead to a breach of labour laws if they are not monitored regularly. eg, entrepreneurs may do this by incurring significant fines when they defy the rule. In conducting an HR audit your company, and your employees ensure that they will form a strong long-term compliance groundwork.

HR audits are aimed at policies and processes related to people that are to be examined as far as there is room for being strengthened and improved. These audits are a tool that companies can use to compare HR policies with the company mission and also reflect what its employees consider the company's culture to be. They check that these processes will lead to greater efficiency in the business, which will require less time and resources to achieve the same or even better results.

The people department of a business company facilitates in hiring, onboarding and overall performance promotion of employees. A company can realise this by doing the HR audits which may touch on the HR policies, practices, and the way they have been doing the HR work. You can improve your organisation through better jobs and HR activities by conducting a human resource audit for your employer.

This article will give you detailed information on what is HR audit, its process, benefits, objectives and also important things to review.

Meaning and Definition

Impartial analysis and oversight of HR practices of a company, organisation or system, including HR policies, procedures and processes, is known as HR auditing. HR audits allow businesses to find out what is bad with their human resources and let them develop better solutions for fixing their problems. Cautious human resources audits can guide businesses in deciding which policies work best for them and then can come up with strategies targeted at saving resources. Moreover, such audits not only enable businesses to control their operation according to the applicable HR laws but also to stay within the legal frameworks as well.

Some audits allow businesses to identify their HR procedures' effectiveness by comparing them with other companies' plans that were audited too. With regular undertaking HR audits, companies would respond to labour law modifications as well as to complexities in business operations. An organisation will provide its employees with new tags and possibly a new hiring procedure following conclusions to be derived from HR audits. Payment (structure) and rewards (or) financial guidance ( arrangements) are other uses of audits.

An internal process audit is the equivalent of a staff audit just like a staff audit, an internal process audit is about investigating the effectiveness and productivity of the running of an organisation. In essence, it’s about marking your human resources department – taking the effectiveness as a grade. To decrease the risk for the organisation, a thorough audit of your organisation’s HR departments, alongside the identification of the areas of non-compliance, will be taken as well.

Having an HR audit means improving the processes and avoiding things such as recruiting, induction, training, pay and benefits, payroll, and job evaluation has been the backbone of the process.

Types of HR Audits

The audit also allows the business’ HR departments to assess what’s better and take the appropriate move. Firms can perform audits in many ways, all of them geared toward the derivation of specific objectives. Among these types are

  • Compliance: Conducting compliance audits is mandated to keep the organisation's commitment to local, municipal and national laws/rules and regulations in check. This ensures that the company-wide HR function of an organisation is governed by and adheres to the laid down norms.
  • Competitive: A competitor review involves appraising the provisions and remunerations that a company offers to its staff. Conducting a competitive audit may help companies decide on how much pay to offer to draw in candidates who are eligible for a position.
  • Strategic: This category may imply examination of the systems and procedures being used in an organisation from the point of view of seeking areas for improvement. It can monitor closely that the processes in human resources have dovetailing that aspire to the overall goal.
  • Policies: An organisation's human resources procedures such as paid time off, discipline, and termination arrangements are looked at in an audit. The new policies of an organisation can be checked by the compliance audit and can be aligned with the old policies.
  • Best practices: An audit such as described above operates off the assessment of the processes of HR of your organisation and other companies that operate in the same industry. This is a great resource for businesses seeking to remain stable in the HR units or have improvements.
  • Safety:Safety: Through this audit, you make sure that the business has all safety measures in place and that the workers have the needed personal protective equipment at hand. Organisations in professional industries such as construction and its affiliated businesses can benefit from having safety audits as this gives them an edge when lowering risks at the workplace.
  • Function-specific: Therefore, this sort of audit is dedicated to the appraisal of an activity of the HR department that is being carried out in a company, for example. These activities include payroll management, performance management or record keeping. It may assist organisations in identifying badly doing functions with a more professional approach concerning the individual performance of each function.
  • Performance: An audit of performance looks at the input managers give their staff. Companies can use this kind of audit to assess the effectiveness and value of their review and feedback procedures.

What Needs to be Reviewed When Conducting HR Audits

You may check these components during a human resources audit

  • Hiring and onboarding procedures: To ascertain the efficacy of an organisation's hiring procedures, you can look into how they are implemented. Examine workplace policies and see whether the organisation informs new hires of them as part of the onboarding process.
  • Benefits and compensation: A human resources audit allows you to examine a company's benefits and compensation plans. Examine if the company's present benefits and compensation plan are both competitive and successful in keeping employees.
  • Termination procedures: As part of a human resource audit, you may also look over an organisation's termination procedures. Find out if exit interviews take place following termination and assess if a member of the management team approves the termination before it happens.
  • Documentation and personnel files: To make sure that performance and legal and regulatory compliance are adequately documented, you can look over a sample of personnel files. For instance, organisations are frequently required by medical privacy laws to keep personal health information separate from general personnel files.
  • Job descriptions and classifications: You can also assess how well a company finds and develops top talent by looking through its job descriptions and classifications. Examine the company's paid job ads and social media presence, paying particular attention to how it classifies its current employees.
  • Processes for performance evaluation: You can examine an organisation's methods or processes for performance evaluation through human resources audits. You can determine if the organisation has a system in place for evaluating employee performance and if it accurately identifies the necessary attributes.
  • Acknowledge the Unionisation Challenges: Trade unions are becoming more influential and involved in human resource management. They regularly question the management's labour relations expertise. Management will be assisted in resolving this issue by the HR audit.
  • Growing Prospects and Increasing Labour Expenses: Human resource auditing is becoming more and more crucial due to growing opportunities for competitive advantage in HRM and growing labour costs.
  • Protect Employee Interest: HR audits help to prevent the kind of government actions that are necessary to protect the interests of employees.
  • Feedback: As a business grows, employee behaviour must be improved through ongoing employee feedback. It's much easier with a human resource audit because it gives you the feedback you need. Businesses that are decentralised and diverse in particular require feedback sooner rather than later.

Benefits of Conducting HR Audits

Enhances employee-impacting procedures and policies: You can enhance the parts of your procedures and guidelines that directly affect workers with a human resource audit. This gives employees more authority, aids in their retention, and strengthens the business overall.

  • Guarantees adherence to corporate policies: Never assume that your policies abide by all applicable laws. Laws are constantly changing and being amended, including those of employment. HR compliance audits that pinpoint any possible risk areas will help you stay ahead of the game and stay compliant while avoiding unwelcome lawsuits.
  • Aids in preventing negative effects on employment practices: By conducting audits, you can lessen issues of unequal effects on candidates during the hiring process, as well as on candidates during salary and compensation negotiations, succession planning, and other stages of the employee lifecycle.
  • Finds inefficiencies in procedures and systems: HR audits can, at the very least, assist in identifying inefficient procedures or systems. Errors can occur as a result of prolonged or redundant processes.
  • Produces just and equitable remuneration: Assessing the equity and competitiveness of your salary and compensation packages can also be a smart practice during your financial audits and compensation analyses. In addition to preventing complaints, this can help with recruitment and retention initiatives.
  • Makes strategic and meaningful HR data: Utilise all that HR data by making a connection between it and the actual HR policies and procedures.
  • Enhances Resource Usage: All organisations require specific resources to operate and grow over time. However, not every business with the same resources succeeds to the same extent. On the other hand, HR audits assist you in making the most of the company's human resources. This enhances all company operations and procedures.
  • Clarity of HR Functions: Staff members in the HR division need to be extremely conscious of the responsibilities that fall within their domain. They ought to understand that the organisation's interests should always come first, according to the HR audit. The job transparency function is an audit function to ensure that everyone is aware of their responsibilities.
  • HR functions are studied: An audit is a must for analysing the way the HR department operates. It supports the development of leadership abilities and staff performance evaluation. If necessary, the HR department's training programme may be redesigned using the results of the audit.
  • Information Security: Finding gaps in data collection, analysis, and reporting can be facilitated by an audit. It can show whether HR departments are gathering and keeping accurate data about workers and their activities. Ensuring data accuracy and timeliness is facilitated by audit. This can support the data analysis process when analysing trends and patterns. It also aids in locating vulnerable points for data security.

Objectives of HR Audits

It's equally achievable to make your employees' experience accessible and to ensure that all workers have a safe location through which they accomplish their tasks by taking a glimpse at the practices, norms, and rules that influence them daily. Over time, this will boost team spirit and help you draw the best people in and provide them with the resources they need to develop themselves and remain in the workforce. Here are a few objectives of HR audit

Makes Use of Strategic HR Data

On the other hand, as time passes, organisations gather large amounts of personal data on performance, talent acquisition, and the people's function as a whole. Working with operational departments to collect data based on existing procedures and policies and subsequently building long-term strategic plans to be able to use this collected data is an HR audit.

Risk Management and Liability Reduction

By pinpointing the common risks and liabilities of the organisation, it is easy to assess the audit because it enables the company to be proactive in preventing them.

Best-Practice Review

Although the company has already perfected the way of managing its human capital, however, they has another option or way of getting a benchmark to the personnel system through human resource audit.

Verifies Adherence to Regulations

HR teams are constantly concerned about compliance because they fear lawsuits. Employment laws are constantly changing, so your policies must comply with them. This can be particularly difficult if you operate in several countries with various legal frameworks. The HR audits will find any possible hazards and confirm that your procedures and policies adhere to the most recent legal requirements.

Builds Equitable Recompense

Another important point that this audit brings forward is a thorough analysis of the equity, fairness, and competitiveness of the benefit and compensation packages. These information sets can be used to directly recruit and retain the staff with their assistance. They can also modify payment rates where it's necessary.

Process of Conducting HR Audit in an Organisation

The following actions can be taken to carry out an extensive human resources audit as the HR audit process

Assign an Audit Team

Selecting an auditing team and initiating the audit are the first steps in the process. You may think of team building or, if you manage human resources, you may be able to finish the audit by yourself. You can also hire an HR consultant to do the audit if you work for a larger company with lots of HR staff and procedures. This can assist you in setting expectations for your evaluation and assigning tasks while creating the audit.

Choose the Audit Type

By choosing the audit type and defining its scope, you can get started with the audit process. Your choice of audit may be influenced by your employer's pressing HR requirements. To make sure that the company's HR department and procedures adhere to the new regulations, you might wish to conduct a compliance audit, for instance, if you've noticed significant legal changes in your industry. You might want to carry out a policies audit or a function-specific audit if you are concerned about a particular HR area.

Draft a Questionnaire for the Survey

You can start drafting an audit survey or questionnaire once you've decided what kind of audit you want to perform. This is an extensive document that asks for details regarding a particular division within the HR department or its overall procedures. In the course of a performance audit, for instance, you may include inquiries concerning the criteria managers employ to assess performance and how they convey feedback.

Collect Data from the Answers Collected

Examine the pertinent sections of the HR department to start gathering information about its procedures. The survey you made can serve as a guide for your assessment. For instance, when auditing the company's performance review procedure, you may use information from the personnel files. Verify that you have authorization to use the information you gather.

Analyse the Results

Evaluate your audit results and contrast them with the HR benchmarks of the organisation. If you don't already know these benchmarks, you may establish them using a combination of internal data, data from other companies, or national standards. Benchmarks can provide information about how an organisation's performance stacks up against that of other businesses and sectors.

Provide the Feedback

Conclude with a sentence that will act like a prompt for top brass and HR departments to make a comment or propose action. As per the report by Exploding Topics, 96% of employees consider that regular feedback is a good practice. Making a dialogue with the HR staff to consider audit results will assist in assuring them of what correction needs to be made. Say, to lower chances of injury the following year, you might suggest the company regularly place an order for personal protective equipment, which in turn will mean a diversion of funds.

Make a Plan and Provide Ongoing Feedback

Based on the results of the audit, make a development plan (strategy) that suits it better. Set aside cleanups that will reduce risks most importantly. For example, if one process is the resolution of any compliance matters, this plan might be placed in the top priority. The HR staff may want to follow the same plan when they look at specific instances and strike a balance between the urgent ones and those that can wait.


The company may be able to come across a range of legal risks, implementation complications, and possible areas for optimisation regarding HR only through a thorough HR audit. It could do the same for businesses, providing them with financial risk analysis, legal obligations, and personnel procedures information that the business can use to mitigate the risks associated with their business. HR audits help companies minimise the chances of them being liable to the law for noncompliance, which results in higher legal costs.

The general aim of an HR audit lies both in finding out the areas that have to be improved and in checking up on the problems with implementation and on possible legal risks. Overall compliance with the respective rules and regulations, provision of accurate and performance-oriented personnel systems, and hence minimise legal risks are the further aims. In keeping the most effective and efficient human resource strategy, there are also some benefits, such as the audit of HR processes through examination of the most current and relevant best practices, policies and procedures.

In a measure, this HR audit includes many problems that are either time or resource-consuming. And the benefits of content development can overwhelm the difficulty. Your organisation's systems and processes may be subject to change or even better if the business goals are efficiently met.


What concerns seem so crucial that we have to audit human resources like this?

They provide the business with a checklist to make sure they are not crossing the legal boundaries. An audit by us is the first step towards you to make your business compliance procedures strong enough to prevent these infringements. HR audits shield you from a higher degree of risks that could arise as a result of the absence of documented processes, policy implementing inconsistencies and action plans that are not shown to work as expected.

When exactly would be the best time to hold a survey on staff?

On the one hand, an HR audit may be carried out at any time at your convenience, yet, there are particular situations in which it becomes a life-saving measure. A human resources audit, for example, could be of much help to ensure the rules, guidelines, and procedures of the two companies for merger and acquit are in line. An HR audit can be used to ensure that any new laws or regulations for employment that are introduced are duly incorporated into the corporate environment.

What is the main reason for the HR audit?

The key items that an audit is concerned with are covering the raising of problems emerging in the implementation of HR policies, lacking areas and possible legal risks. Ensuring compliance with legislative requirements, assessing the validity and feasibility of the personnel procedure, and establishing a lower possibility of law encounters are also objectives.

What is the scope of HR audits?

It all comes down to maximising the development, management, and application of knowledge, abilities, aptitude, and talent. It also emphasises the management of employees' emotional and physical capital. Given the complexity involved, HRM's sphere of influence is growing daily. HR planning, recruiting and selection, training and development, payroll management, incentives and recognitions, industrial relations, grievance handling, legal procedures, and so forth are just a few of the topics it covers.

What is an HR audit in HRM?

An unbiased assessment of the HR policies, practices, and procedures used by your company is known as an HR audit. The objective is to find areas of concern and/or opportunities for improvement. Either your HR department or an outside firm can be hired to conduct the audit, or you can do it internally.

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