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Job Description


What is a Job Description?

A job description(JD) is an informative report that describes the duties, tasks, scope, and responsibilities of a particular job listing. It also includes the required qualifications, skills, and competencies a candidate needs to have to apply for the job. A good job description is one that provides a complete outline of what is expected from the job. It helps both the employers and the candidates in a successful hiring and onboarding process.

Here is an example of a JD for ‘Android Developer’

Job Title

Android Developer

Job Location

Rajkot, Gujarat

Experience Required

1-2 years


B.Tech / MCA / BCA / Graduate

Duties and Responsibilities

  • Design and build advanced applications for the Android platform.
  • Collaborate with server teams to define, design, and ship new services.
  • Work with outside data sources and API’s.
  • Test code for robustness, including edge cases, usability, and general reliability.
  • Work on bug fixing and improving application performance.
  • Continuously discover, evaluate, and implement new technologies to maximize development efficiency.
  • Must be aware of mobile SQL-lite database, push notification, and file storage.


What are the key elements of a job description?

The job description is an important part of any recruitment process and here are the key elements you ned to include in it.

1. Job Title

Job titles are crucial in defining roles and setting expectations and aiding in carer progression and attracting suitable candidates and influencing compensation and shaping external perceptions ensuring legal and regulatory compliance.

  • Role Definition - A job title concisely summarizes a role and its place in an organization's hierarchy. It conveys the role's purpose to employees, peers, and external partners.
  • Expectation Setting - A clear job title helps to set expectations for the position's responsibilities and seniority level and aids communication and coordination within the company.
  • Career Progression - Clear and standardized job titles help employees understand their career path and progression within the organization.
  • Recruitment and Hiring - When recruiting, a clear and accurate job title helps to attract suitable candidates by providing an immediate understanding of the role and the level of experience required.

2. Job Summary or Purpose

The job summary or purpose section provides a high-level overview of the main objectives and goals of the role. It concisely explains the key results and outcomes expected from the position. The job purpose sets the context for what the job holder will be accountable for and conveys the value and importance of the role to the organization.

3. Duties and Responsibilities

The duties and responsibilities section provides details of the specific tasks and functions that are expected to be performed as part of the job. It describes the essential duties that are core to the role. This section may include details about the projects and assignments the job holder can expect to work on. It helps applicants understand the day-to-day activities and responsibilities of the role.

4. Required Qualifications

Outline the minimum education, experience, skills, and competencies needed to be considered for the role. This includes requirements such as the level of education, years and type of relevant work experience, certifications, or licensure needed to be qualified for the position. Meeting these required qualifications is typically the threshold for an application to move forward.

5. Referred Qualifications

The preferred qualifications specify any additional qualifications desirable for an exceptional candidate but not required. This could include an advanced/specialized degree, specific skills, leadership experience, language proficiency, etc. Candidates meeting both required and preferred qualifications would have a stronger case.

6. Skills and Competencies

The skills and competencies section lists the technical skills, soft skills, and capabilities needed to excel in the role. It may include skills like problem-solving, communication, collaboration, analytical abilities, etc. This helps candidates and the organization assess "fit".

7. Working Conditions

The working conditions section clarifies the work environment specifics like physical demands, travel requirements, hours of work, remote/office work, and any other conditions that may apply to the role. This sets appropriate expectations.

8. Salary Range and Benefits

The salary range and benefits typically outline the proposed compensation plan, including the salary range, variable pay, incentives, health insurance, retirement benefits, etc. This helps attract suitable candidates by informing them of the total rewards package.

These components allow an organization to convey a job role's scope, responsibilities, and expectations internally for existing employees and externally for prospective job candidates.


Why are job descriptions essential for the recruitment process?

Job descriptions are a crucial part of the recruitment process. It helps organizations find qualified candidates and hire the right candidate for the job. A well written job description provides potential applicants with a clear understandind of the key responsibilities and tasks.

This enables candidates to assess their suitability for the role and helps recruiters filter out applicants who do not met the basic eligibility criteria. Job descriptions also communicate the organization's expectations from the potential hire in terms of their performance and deliverables. This sets the right expectations for both parties and reduces misunderstandings.

Compelling job descriptions promote the company's culture and attracts candidates who are the right cultural fit. Having accurate job descriptions streamlines the hiring process and enables recruiters to identify top talent efficiently.

It also aids in retaining and engaging employees by managing role clarity. Detailed and specific job descriptions are essential for recruitment as they form the foundation for attracting suitable candidates with the right skills required to add value.

Frequently Asked Questions

Why is a job description essential?

After analyzing the job, the company develops a JD, which helps them set clear standards about a particular job position. When clear boundaries of roles, responsibilities, and criteria are set, it becomes easy for hiring managers to choose from different candidates.

What must be included in a job description?

As per the organization, the JD can change, but here mentioned are some common must-haves:

  • Job Position/ Title
  • Duties and Responsibility
  • Job location
  • Qualification

What are the benefits of providing JD to candidates?

Providing a detailed job description to the candidates who apply for the particular position will help them to understand the role better. Candidates will have an idea about their future roles and whether they will be able to perform them or not.

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